Blood pressure is subject to ebbs and flows throughout most people’s lives. But sometimes, lifestyles will keep high values locked in. Persistent high pressure won’t cause symptoms at first but can lead to both chronic and emergency conditions.
What are the most common complications of high blood pressure?
Blood pressure totals measure the effort the heart has to put into pushing blood around the body.
Health professionals evaluate this by looking at systolic (active) pressure and diastolic (resting) pressure via millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
Ideal pressure sits between roughly 90/60mmHg and 120/80 mmHg, while the “high” benchmark comes into play at 140/90mmHg.
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How long does it take for high blood pressure to cause damage?
High blood pressure can cause emergency conditions during sudden spikes, but chronic diseases can time to develop.
People have a few years to reduce their blood pressure before its effects cause significant damage.
If a doctor has identified someone has high blood pressure, they should prioritise lifestyle changes, such as adding exercise to their regimen, eating healthier or quitting smoking.