Arthritis can refer to more than 100 joint complaints but the two most common in the UK are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Although these forms of arthritis differ in distinctive ways, they are both characterised by inflammation. Finding ways to counter inflammation can therefore have a remedial effect on arthritis.
Modifying your diet can help to alleviate arthritis inflammation and there are some stand-out examples.
According to the British Dietetic Association (BDA), oily fish have been shown to “help dampen general inflammation and may help to reduce joint pain and stiffness”.
What’s more, fish such as sardines, mackerel, herring, salmon, and snapper have a darker flesh which is rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fats.
Research suggests polyunsaturated fats could have a preventive role in the development of arthritis and are able signs and symptoms of joint disease.
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Speaking to the health body, Christine McKinney, RD, a clinical dietitian at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, said: “People with arthritis are more at risk for heart disease, so they need to be watching [their cholesterol levels].”
According to AF, small amounts of saturated fats can be incorporated into a healthy diet but should be limited to less than 10 percent of your total calorie intake.
“That would be no more than 20 grams of saturated fat per day for a person consuming 2000 calories.”
According to Harvard Health, monounsaturated fats, namely olive oil, seem less likely to increase inflammation.
Regular exercise can also:
- Improve your range of movement and joint mobility
- Increase muscle strength
- Reduce stiffness
- Boost your energy.
“As long as you do the right type and level of exercise for your condition, your arthritis won’t get any worse,” explains the NHS.
According to the health body, your GP can recommend the type and level of exercise that’s right for you.